PRIMORDIAL STEPWELLS IN INDIA

Sakshi Nagar 07-12-2022 03:16 PM Culture

India's stepwells, also commonly known as baolis, as the name suggests, are wells with steps descending into them. Stepwells were a common phenomenon in India between the 2nd and 4th centuries, especially in western India, and the Indus Valley Civilization can still be traced in these stepwells. Apart from being a source of water, these famous stepwells of India are also wonderful piece of architecture which was built by the kings at different times.

India's magnificent stepwells remain an important part of Indian tourism today, which has become the center of attraction for a large number of Indian and foreign tourists due to its amazing workmanship and beautiful architecture. If you are also fond of traveling and are a lover of ancient art, then you must visit these stepwells. Even today there are about 2000 stepwells in India that have maintained their water but, in this article, we are going to tell you the most famous and historical stepwells of India which are really worth visiting.

1. AGRASEN STEPWELL, DELHI

One of India's most famous stepwells, Agrasen Ki baoli is situated in the heart of the city, close to Connaught Place in Delhi. This stepwell is a three storey well and has 108 stairs. Based on the architecture of the baoli, it is believed to belong to the reign of the Tughlaq or Lodi dynasty. Legend has it that it was built by King Agrasen during the Mahabharata period and then later rebuilt in the 14th century by the Agrawal community, who are the descendants of the king. You must include this in your to-do list whenever you visit Delhi.

2. CHAND STEPWELL, RAJASTHAN

Chand baoli is a major tourist attraction site in Abhaneri village of Rajasthan which belongs to the 10th-century monuments. Chand Baori is a wonderful step well that has steps on three sides, which work to store water. This step well is more than 13 storeys deep, in which more than 3500 steps are made. Despite being more than 1000 years old, this step well is still in existence today. Let us tell you that many films have also been shot here, including Bhool Bhulaiyaa, The Fall, The Dark Knight Rises, and Best Exotic Hotel Marigold.

3. NEEMRANA STEPWELL, RAJASTHAN

Neemrana ki baoli, located in Neemrana, is a very old and magnificent multi-storied structure. Which is one of the main tourist places of Neemrana, and remains full of sightseers throughout the year. This stepwell is located near Neemrana Mahal. Neemrana's baoli is a 9-storey building, whose height of each floor is about 20 feet. It has 170 steps, and the building gets smaller as we go down. Neemrana stepwell reflects the beauty of old architecture, in which the excellence of old construction art can be seen. This stepwell, with its used for both water and irrigation.

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4. DADA HARI STEPWELL, AHMEDABAD

Dada Hari baoli is located in Asarwa, 15 km from Ahmedabad, which was initially known as Bal Harir Stepwell, and is one of the two famous step-wells in the region. Dada Hari baoli was built in 1499 AD by a lady from the harem of Sultan Begra. This ancient structure depicts the architecture of the bygone era. The Dada Hari baoli is a seven-storey structure that can accommodate a lot of tourists at a time, and this baoli serves as a respite for tourists as well as locals during summer.

5. PUSHKARANI STEPWELL, HAMPI

Pushkarani stepwell is a magnificent structure located next to the temples at Hampi in Karnataka which was built during the Vijayanagara Empire. In ancient times, apart from water sources, they were also considered places of worship. Even the annual water festival in the temples of Hampi was organized in these steps. Even though these stepwells are in dilapidated condition today, these baolis are still very capable of attracting tourists. You all must visit once and try to understand the amazing architecture and extensive history of these stepwells.

6. SHAHI STEPWELL, LUCKNOW

Built-in Indo-Islamic architectural designs, the Shahi baoli is one of the most magnificent structures in India. The Shahi baoli was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula of Awadh which is also used as a prayer hall by Muslims. Shahi baoli was designed by the Mughal architects of Delhi and the unique architecture of this step well provides an incognito view to the visitors. This stepwell was a huge five-storied building, three of which have now completely disappeared into the water. At present, only two floors of one part of it are left. Baoli was used to conserve water so that this conserved water could be used in adverse conditions.

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